James Joyce despised his homeland and every thing about it; he rejected Christianity, his family and Ireland, his country. The house in which the young boy lives seems equally cold and gray Three of the most prominent and commonly used by Joyce are the elements of how the themes were developed, the unbounded use of symbolism, and the effectiveness of a particular point of view.
In the late s and early s, fundamental and far-reaching changes in society often made individuals feel wary and estranged from their surrounding world.
James Joyce uses the setting to symbolize a key concept of the story. This is when the boy finally realizes that life is not what he had dreamt it to be.
The ending of the story is filled with images of darkness and light. The fifteen stories were meant to be a naturalistic depiction of the Irish middle class life in and around Dublin in the early years of the 20th century.
Joyce refers to bright light when discussing Mangan's sister in order to give her a heavenly presence.