Animal experiment

animal testing history

The proposals have three aims: to considerably improve the welfare of animals used in scientific procedures to ensure fair competition for industry to boost research activities in the European Union The proposed directive covers all live non-human vertebrate animals intended for experiments plus certain other species likely to experience pain, and also animals specifically bred so that their organs or tissue can be used in scientific procedures.

Mice are either bred commercially, or raised in the laboratory. Animal experiments are part of medical history, but history is where they belong. The United States and Gabon are the only two countries that allow experimentation on chimpanzees. Advertisement In terms of commercial products, however, the cosmetics industry is still one of the biggest culprits when it comes to animal testing.

History is full of examples of flawed or basic practices and ideas that were once considered state-of-the-art, only to be superseded years later by something far more sophisticated and successful. In the U.

Types of animal testing

Animal shelters also supply the laboratories directly. This does support the idea that dogs, at the very least, have some form of consciousness. Captive bolts may be used, typically on dogs, ruminants, horses, pigs and rabbits. For some areas of disease research, overreliance on animal models may well have delayed medical progress rather than advanced it. Pithing inserting a tool into the base of the brain is usable on animals already unconscious. Violations of the Animal Welfare Act at the federally funded New Iberia Research Center NIRC in Louisiana included maltreatment of primates who were suffering such severe psychological stress that they engaged in self-mutilation, infant primates awake and alert during painful experiments, and chimpanzees being intimidated and shot with a dart gun. And so if we want to continue with the arithmetic that we started in the section above, we need to put an additional, and different, factor on each side of the equation to deal with the different moral values of acts and omissions.

What is animal testing? Animals are used to develop medical treatments, determine the toxicity of medications, check the safety of products destined for human use, and other biomedical, commercial, and health care uses.

As we develop better technologies that can ensure the safety of certain products, it's becoming more and more apparent that animal testing could be a practice we can afford to lose. Drug A killed all the rats, mice and dogs.

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About Animal Testing