They had elected conventions and "legislatures" that existed outside any legal framework; new constitutions were drawn up in each state to supersede royal charters. After Decemberwhen a band of Bostonians dressed as Mohawk Indians boarded British ships and dumped chests of tea into Boston Harbor during the Boston Tea Partyan outraged Parliament passed a series of measures known as the Intolerable, or Coercive Acts designed to reassert imperial authority in Massachusetts.
Then some small skirmishes between the colonists and the local British army. Early Battles John Trumbull The Battle of Bunker Hill was not a military victory for the colonial forces, but it served as an important morale booster.
George Washington arrived that July to assume command of the American forces, organized as the Continental Army. Benjamin Franklin made the case for repeal, explaining that the colonies had spent heavily in manpower, money, and blood in defense of the empire in a series of wars against the French and Indians, and that further taxes to pay for those wars were unjust and might bring about a rebellion.
Following Yorktown, both sides consolidated their forces and waited while peace negotiations took place in Paris. The American victory Saratoga would prove to be a turning point of the American Revolution, as it prompted France which had been secretly aiding the rebels since to enter the war openly on the American side, though it would not formally declare war on Great Britain until June A joint attack on the British at Newport, Rhode Islandin late July failed, and for the most part the war settled into a stalemate phase in the North.
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The committees became the leaders of the American resistance to British actions, and largely determined the war effort at the state and local level.
By Junewith the Revolutionary War in full swing, a growing majority of the colonists had come to favor independence from Britain. The Battle of Bunker Hill followed on June 17,